The SIPT (Ayres 1989) is one test battery used to assess for sensory integration difficulties. It is a collection of 17 tests that are designed to test various aspects of sensory perception, discrimination, reactivity and contribution to our praxis and ability to participate in everyday life.

It can, with mindful clinical reasoning, be used to assess people from 4 years, right across the lifespan – children, teenagers, adults and even older adults.

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The 17 tests include tests that can identify patterns of sensory integration difficulties often associated with autism, ADHD, dyspraxia (sometimes considered a subtype of  Developmental Co-ordination Disorder – DCD) and more generalised sensory integration/sensory processing difficulties (sometimes called sensory processing disorder or SPD). This set of tests can identify if difficulties in participating  in everyday life are a result of problems registering, processing, integrating or reacting/responding to sensory information from the proprioception, touch, balance and visual systems.

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The test was originally designed for use with children between the ages of 4 years through 8 years 11 months, but is increasingly used for older young people and adults, to indicate where sensory processing difficulties may have impacted on development and ability to participate in daily life.

The SIPT is intended to be primarily a tool to diagnose sensory integration dysfunction including praxis difficulties.

It should be only be used by those with post-graduate (or specific under-graduate) education in sensory integration. Assessment should gather and collect information in different ways and sensory integration assessment typically includes the use of a  combination of assessments tools including parent/carer or self report tools like the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM)or Adolescent/Adult Sensory History (AASH) alongside interview, other testing and clinical observations to develop appropriate goals, plan outcomes measure and develop and carry out treatment plans.

Screen Shot 2018-03-16 at 20.47.44The SIPT does not require the person to make verbal responses to the test items. It does require a person is able to focus and attend and be able to follow demonstration and verbal instructions. It may not be appropriate for use with all children with sensory integration and processing dysfunction.

 

 

 

 

3 thoughts on “About the Sensory Integration and Praxis Test (SIPT)”

  1. Is there research yet on the use of the SIPT with adults?
    Does test presentation differ when testing adults vs children?

  2. Hello Liana, please keep watching our page for a posting that will answer your questions, apologies we are late in answering this, it ended up in the spam folder, where I just found it.

  3. The SIPT Manual contains some very helpful information regarding the use of the SIPT and its predecessor the SCSIT with teens and adults – and finding during this testing – there are also published journal articles on PRN testing with adults. In short when Jean Ayres and her colleagues collected adult data, it was not possible to use the data collected for meaningful comparison of age ranges beyond 8.11 due to factors thought to include test sensitivity and test level of difficulty, and maturing of sensory integration processes to have reliable normative date beyond 8 years 11 months. However like a reading test which is also a developmental test if the test cut off is 16 years and at 23 someone’s reading age is 8 approx – you will be sure they will struggle with reading. So an adult or teen unable to do design copy with scores below -1 ( a clinical indicator of difficulty) when scored against the top age band -it is likely the person will be to an adult for whom writing and copying letters and designs is hard… and interferes with daily life. So while we do not have norms, the use of the test with cautious interpretation and clinical reasoning alongside other data like clinical observations is valid… it is certainly better than just a wild guess or stab in the dark – and we do not currently have a better way to test sensory integration and praxis.

    Tests like Standing and Walking balance are similar to the Berg and Romberg sign used in adult neurology and LTS is similar to 2 point discrimination in adult neurology. Ayres originally worked in adult neurology and developed many of the ideas about her tests out of adult neurological tests…

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